Local Societies and Their Voluntary Participation in the Management of Protected Areas in Greece: Case Study of the National Marine Park of Zakynthos

By Anna Liveri, Yota Xanthakou, Panagiotis Liveris and Maria Kaila.

Published by The International Journal of Civic, Political, and Community Studies

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Environmental policy implemented in the protected areas of Greece aims at preserving the species and their habitats, while at the same time promoting the sustainable development of the local community. Research has shown that environmental management is far more effective when conducted with voluntary participation. Volunteer participation in special programs reinforces the achievement of environmental objectives, as it improves the effectiveness of the communicative strategies and provides the kind of human resources that can foster significant experience to specific target groups. The aim of this research is to look into the factors that actually influence the intention of the local population to take part in the management of the National Marine Park in Zakynthos, Greece. The factors that were investigated as exerting influence over the aforementioned intention were their socio–economic profile, their previous eco-friendly behavior, and finally, the insight the participating volunteers acquire via their contact with the action of Zakynthos National Marine Park. What is more, in the present research, the residents of Zakynthos National Marine Park areas appeared to have satisfying knowledge of the issues regarding the particular Park, a low participation involvement in various environmentally-friendly activities, while the majority partook in various voluntary initiatives. It is this intention that is relative to both demographics and their level of information.

Keywords: Sustainable Development, Protected Areas, National Marine Park, Zakynthos, Greece

The International Journal of Civic, Political, and Community Studies, Volume 10, Issue 3, 2012, pp.19-38. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 638.488KB).

Anna Liveri

PhD Student,Teacher, Secondary Level Greek Literature, University of Aegean, Zakynthos, Greece

I have been working in education since 1990 in Greek high schools. My vivid interest in environmental issues motivated me to actively get involved in doing my thesis on environmental education. I have been having worthwhile experiences writing and submitting papers to conferences or in collective publishing spaces.

Prof. Yota Xanthakou

University of Aegean, Greece

Yota Xanthakou is an Assistant Professor at the University of the Aegean. She is an expert in Creative Learning and Teaching, in the analysis of children's drawing, and also in issues of School Refusal and School Failure. She is author of five books and several articles in Greek and international journals. Perhaps her most characteristic work is her monograph The Creative Problem Solving, which is to be published in English. She is co-editor of the series "Creativity" with Professors Frank Monks and Maria Kaila.

Panagiotis Liveris

Civil Engineer, Aristotle's University of Thessaloniki, Zakynthos, Greece

Panagiotis Liveris has a MSc in environmental design of structured works from the Open University of Patras.

Maria Kaila

University of Aegean, Greece

Professor, University of Aegean, Greece